Transactional physics , Exchange Rates and Taxes .
12 Mar 2009
We examine transactions between delineated physical states with special reference to exchange rates and histories .
Econophysics is a large and very flourishing fusion of the application of physics to economics (eg Goldratt , et al)
The inverse is a branch of physics called Transactional Physics , where physical systems are described in terms of their transactions with each other .(Like economics)
In both cases , there are very fruitful analogues that can be applied .
Transactional Physics has not been as successful , because physicists have not had the courage to incorporate Taxes .
Taxes implies not only the Second Law of Thermodynamics , but also a record . The past history . This implies a time-symmetry breaking .
Let us run a quick universe-building exercise to see what we get .
Let us start with an inchoate universum .
Not even delineated thingies exist . No space , time energy etc .
A phase change happens to create delineated thingies ..
Now , there are some delineated thingies . These Thingies immediately self-organize . The amazing thing is that we can say broadly how they self-organize
(see http://andreswhy.blogspot.com "Newtools : reserves")
About a third will be contradiction-free and form the past . The other third form the future . The undelineated thingies are interspersed in between .
The space-time has to have Planck quantum dimensions if curved . (A long story) .
The past and future are mutable , but the future is more mutable (by 2/3) .
The systems try to optimize futures and pasts in the cloud of non-delineated thingies (or more exactly , thingies that can become delineated thingies) .
The Tax .
This optimization costs . The presence of non-delineated thingies means that a static space-time is not possible (we will not even go into branes) .
This is a tax on whatever passes for value (energy , whatever) .
This means there is a Universal Tax of about (2/3-1/3=1/3) applicable and built-in into all delineated universes .
No wonder that this is the usual tax rate of human societies .
The optimization via multiple-futures ( ie least-path , least-energy mechanisms ) is used widely .
But as any tax-lawayer can attest , easily-levied taxes depend on the record of the past , not the future . Because the future is more difficult to change than the past (by 2/3)
Optimizing the past is even more important than optimizing the future because it is easier .
The higgs boson can be described as a tax on momentum-income based on the past history . But if this tax is built into the basis of time , the Higgs boson might not exist except as a virtual particle .
Gravity and the conservation laws are not far behind .
Can you see the problem ?
Thingies that change their past pay less tax and survive longer . Pretty soon your little universe is populated with tax-evaders .
Things fly apart . Fly-by-nights set up shop at sub-Planck lengths and times . Your Universum expands extremely rapidly .
Value destruction : exchange rates .
We need something that destroys what passes for value . We need exchange rates . This implies boundaries to the thingies (identifiability) . Particles , in other words .
Most thingies do not convert to particles . Most fly away , but a very large number hang around and interact with particles . The exchange rate between particles sucks them in (like informal sector to formal sector) . This causes a diminuation of thingies close to large concentrations of particles .
What this describes bears some resemblance to the General Cosmology theory of the Big Bang .
But what has it done for us lately ?
We routinely use optimization of the future in our quantum devices . (Computers , MRI's , etc)
The first human optimization of the very near past I have seen is the Adiabatic Quantum Computer .
See http://andreswhy.blogspot.com "Adiabatic Quantum Computing"
The adiabatic part means "the past" .
A small hint :
High-temperature super-conductors are not possible without optimizing the near past .
Connecting AQC's by high-temperature super-conductors should have interesting effects , especially if the temperature varies .
This should not have been too taxing .