Wednesday, November 27, 2013

Zevatron Gun

Zevatron Gun

Andre Willers
27 Nov 2013
Synopsis :
An ordinary firearm can fire zevatron beams by using a Zevatron bullet .
Discussion :
1.First , see “Desktop Zevatron” in Appendix I
2. The Zevatron Cartridge :
2.1 Propellant at base : standard
2.2 The next layer is fine conductive coils : wound or 3D printed
2.3 The last layer is buckyballs arranged in magnetron congigurations . 3D or 4D printed .
3.How it works :
3.1 The gun barrel must be magnetized . Stroking with a permanent magnet will do in a pinch .
3.2 On firing , the bullet accelerates both linearly and angularly down the barrel .
3.3 This an EMP pulse from the coils interacting with the barrel’s magnetic field .
3.4 This EMP pulse propagates faster than the bullet and induces Chirping effects on the magnetron-like buckyballs .
3.5 When they implode , Zevatron level energies are released .
3.6 Aligning (3D printing) the buckyballs correctly , the zevatron beam can be concentrated or even collimated .
3.7 The initial setup will take a lot of calculation and experimentation , but it only needs to be done once . After that , manufacture as usual . Even at home , using 3D and 4D printers . (See )
4. The energy calculations are simple : just use a muzzle energy (eg 500 joulesfor a .45 handgun) and work backwards to required values for various cartridge layers .
5.What do you get ?
A thin beam of cosmic energy-level particles . At these energies , they can be collimated .
A true long range blaster , cutter , welder , anti-ballistic system , ultra-radar , etc
6.Safety aspects :
6.1 There will probably be backscatter of radiation of various types . Depends on the bullet .
6.2 Simulation effects :
If we are in a simulation , then use of Zevatrons will put stress on the simulation . This may already be happening .
See Appendix II . The value of the Gravitational Constant is changing . What one would expect if the “grid” is made finer to take Zevatrons into account . (See Appendix I)
Not only will this also interfere with quantum effects routinely used in computers , but the System Administrator (God , for all practical purposes) might decide to switch off this Locale as being too “expensive” or too much trouble .
7. Quantum pollution .
Zevatron observation is equivalent to pollution at the quantum level .
8. But the benefits are amazing .
8.1 A finer “subspace-grid” means stable trans-uranic elements , stable exotic matter , workable quantum computers .
8.2 Singularity : The verdict is still out on whether it will snuff out humans or transcend them
The ultimate Western .
A Universe in every holster .
Appendix I
Desktop Zevatron

Andre Willers
22 Nov 2013
We use the Schwinger limit to produce particles with energies greater than 10^20 eV .
Discussion :
1.If the thought experiment cannot be reproduced in “reality” , we are in a simulation .See Appendix B
2.Thought experiment :
Consider buckyballs in a arrangement like a magnetron . Then chirp the frequency (ie increase it). The buckyball pockets will decrease and emit ever increasing energetic particles until they implode in Zevatron energies .
This can be easily done in small university lab . Or inside your body .
3.Makes a hellavu weapon .
4.If energies go over 10^20 eV , then either
4.1 We are not in a simulation
4.2 The laws of physics gets rewritten on the fly .

Or both
4.3 There is a quantum superposition (most likely)
We are in 1/3 simulation , but 2/3 superposition .

5.Resonance energy spectra :
The Zevatron will then have distributions typical of 1/3 , 2/3
6. Beth levels .
Pauli exclusion principle :
Taken as a general definition of delineation (identity) . The problem is that it usually used in a binary sense , whereas trinary would be more correct .
Inverse Pauli principle .
Higher Beth levels distort the Pauli exclusion principle .
The observer has very marked effects on the observed process .
7. In a Zevatron , some observers would have Talent for it , whereas others would squelsh it .
Pauli was notorious for squelshing experimental processes .
We want the opposite .
8. What does all this sthako mean ?
It means that we are living in a simulation 2/3 of the time , and deterministically 1/3 of the time , in so far time has any meaning .
9. The linkage is poetry , language , mathematics , music , physics , biology .
10 The nitty gritty :
Very high energy particle physics incorporates the observer . If you want a Zevatron , or cold fusion , or even hot fusion , you need
an Inverse Pauli Person in the loop .
11. Pollyanna Fusion .
Don’t knock it . At 10^20 eV it works .
12. Of course , it does not solve the Simulation problem . That is because you keep on thinking Y/N , whereas it is a little bit of this and a little bit of that .
13. Think of the universe as a congeries of information packets , each with a source and destination address , and some (just for the hell of it) with either or neither . Peregrinating through the Beth levels of meaning .
14. The Meaning of Life .
Beth (1) or Beth (2) levels : 1/3 basic physical ground states , 2/3 what you make of it .
Beth (3) and better : What you make of it .
15. Can you see why the Zevatron is such an interesting experiment ?
God is always inside your decision loop .
 An entity (whether an individual or an organization) that can process this cycle quickly, observing and reacting to unfolding events more rapidly than an opponent, can thereby "get inside" the opponent's decision cycle and gain the advantage.
Well , God cheats , since He is outside time (higher Beth levels in our terminology)
16 .With Zevatrons in play , God will have to jack up things a bit . And we are off to the races .
17 . You can’t win , but it was a fun race .
18 Zero point energy and Zevatrons .
Anything over the Schwinger limit generates zero-point energy . . (See Appendix A)
This can be done intra-cellular with 4D printers (see )
Never mind food . Energy can be obtained indefinitely by a simple injection of 4D printed molecules .
19 . 4D Printed wine .
The ultimate connoisseurs delight . The wine adapts to the taster’s palate , taste recepters and immune system to tickle pleasure receptors .
20. 4D Printed Food .
Food ( and here I include medicines) reconfigure themselves inside the gut and even inside the cells to give maximum benefit on instructions from the Cloud .
Humans being humans , even now we can print 4D foods that will taste fantastic , but reassemble into non-fattening molecules when exposed to the digestive processes .
21 . Ho–ho–Ho ! The Petrol pill !
For long a BS story , this is now actually a theoretical possibility .
A 4D printed molecule packing some serious energy can be designed to re-assemble into a combustable hydrocarbon on exposure to water . The physics is very straightforward . This can actually be done . It will cost , but the military will love it .
22. Put a Tiger in your tank ! Circe Bullets .
Bullets with a payload of 4D printed Dna/Rna/Epigenetics can convert an enemy into a tiger , sloth or any animal .
23. I prefer variable biltong . 4D Print biltong just as you like it . Hard , salty crust with meltingly soft interior .
Whatever you do , don’t lose the nipple .
It is sad to see grown humans in perennial search of a 4D nipple .
One of Strauss’s lesser known works .
“The Tit-Tat Walz”
Appendix A
 However, two waves or two photons not traveling in the same direction always have a minimum combined energy in their center of momentum frame, and it is this energy and the electric field strengths associated with it, which determine particle-antiparticle creation, and associated scattering phenomena.

Appendix B

In the 1999 sci-fi film classic The Matrix, the protagonist, Neo, is stunned to see people defying the laws of physics, running up walls and vanishing suddenly. These superhuman violations of the rules of the universe are possible because, unbeknownst to him, Neo’s consciousness is embedded in the Matrix, a virtual-reality simulation created by sentient machines.

The action really begins when Neo is given a fateful choice: Take the blue pill and return to his oblivious, virtual existence, or take the red pill to learn the truth about the Matrix and find out “how deep the rabbit hole goes.”

Physicists can now offer us the same choice, the ability to test whether we live in our own virtual Matrix, by studying radiation from space. As fanciful as it sounds, some philosophers have long argued that we’re actually more likely to be artificial intelligences trapped in a fake universe than we are organic minds in the “real” one.

But if that were true, the very laws of physics that allow us to devise such reality-checking technology may have little to do with the fundamental rules that govern the meta-universe inhabited by our simulators. To us, these programmers would be gods, able to twist reality on a whim.

So should we say yes to the offer to take the red pill and learn the truth — or are the implications too disturbing?

Worlds in Our Grasp

The first serious attempt to find the truth about our universe came in 2001, when an effort to calculate the resources needed for a universe-size simulation made the prospect seem impossible.

Seth Lloyd, a quantum-mechanical engineer at MIT, estimated the number of “computer operations” our universe has performed since the Big Bang — basically, every event that has ever happened. To repeat them, and generate a perfect facsimile of reality down to the last atom, would take more energy than the universe has.

The computer would have to be bigger than the universe, and time would tick more slowly in the program than in reality,” says Lloyd. “So why even bother building it?”

But others soon realized that making an imperfect copy of the universe that’s just good enough to fool its inhabitants would take far less computational power. In such a makeshift cosmos, the fine details of the microscopic world and the farthest stars might only be filled in by the programmers on the rare occasions that people study them with scientific equipment. As soon as no one was looking, they’d simply vanish.

In theory, we’d never detect these disappearing features, however, because each time the simulators noticed we were observing them again, they’d sketch them back in.

That realization makes creating virtual universes eerily possible, even for us. Today’s supercomputers already crudely model the early universe, simulating how infant galaxies grew and changed. Given the rapid technological advances we’ve witnessed over past decades — your cell phone has more processing power than NASA’s computers had during the moon landings — it’s not a huge leap to imagine that such simulations will eventually encompass intelligent life.

We may be able to fit humans into our simulation boxes within a century,” says Silas Beane, a nuclear physicist at the University of Washington in Seattle. Beane develops simulations that re-create how elementary protons and neutrons joined together to form ever larger atoms in our young universe.

Legislation and social mores could soon be all that keeps us from creating a universe of artificial, but still feeling, humans — but our tech-savvy descendants may find the power to play God too tempting to resist.

If cosmic rays don't have random origins, it could be a sign that the universe is a simulation.

National Science Foundation/J. Yang
They could create a plethora of pet universes, vastly outnumbering the real cosmos. This thought led philosopher Nick Bostrom at the University of Oxford to conclude in 2003 that it makes more sense to bet that we’re delusional silicon-based artificial intelligences in one of these many forgeries, rather than carbon-based organisms in the genuine universe. Since there seemed no way to tell the difference between the two possibilities, however, bookmakers did not have to lose sleep working out the precise odds.

Learning the Truth

That changed in 2007 when John D. Barrow, professor of mathematical sciences at Cambridge University, suggested that an imperfect simulation of reality would contain detectable glitches. Just like your computer, the universe’s operating system would need updates to keep working.

As the simulation degrades, Barrow suggested, we might see aspects of nature that are supposed to be static — such as the speed of light or the fine-structure constant that describes the strength of the electromagnetic force — inexplicably drift from their “constant” values.

Last year, Beane and colleagues suggested a more concrete test of the simulation hypothesis. Most physicists assume that space is smooth and extends out infinitely. But physicists modeling the early universe cannot easily re-create a perfectly smooth background to house their atoms, stars and galaxies. Instead, they build up their simulated space from a lattice, or grid, just as television images are made up from multiple pixels.

The team calculated that the motion of particles within their simulation, and thus their energy, is related to the distance between the points of the lattice: the smaller the grid size, the higher the energy particles can have. That means that if our universe is a simulation, we’ll observe a maximum energy amount for the fastest particles. And as it happens, astronomers have noticed that cosmic rays, high-speed particles that originate in far-flung galaxies, always arrive at Earth with a specific maximum energy of about 10^20 electron volts.

The simulation’s lattice has another observable effect that astronomers could pick up. If space is continuous, then there is no underlying grid that guides the direction of cosmic rays — they should come in from every direction equally. If we live in a simulation based on a lattice, however, the team has calculated that we wouldn’t see this even distribution. If physicists do see an uneven distribution, it would be a tough result to explain if the cosmos were real.

Astronomers need much more cosmic ray data to answer this one way or another. For Beane, either outcome would be fine. “Learning we live in a simulation would make no more difference to my life than believing that the universe was seeded at the Big Bang,” he says. But that’s because Beane imagines the simulators as driven purely to understand the cosmos, with no desire to interfere with their simulations.

Unfortunately, our almighty simulators may instead have programmed us into a universe-size reality show — and are capable of manipulating the rules of the game, purely for their entertainment. In that case, maybe our best strategy is to lead lives that amuse our audience, in the hope that our simulator-gods will resurrect us in the afterlife of next-generation simulations.

The weird consequences would not end there. Our simulators may be simulations themselves — just one rabbit hole within a linked series, each with different fundamental physical laws. “If we’re indeed a simulation, then that would be a logical possibility, that what we’re measuring aren’t really the laws of nature, they’re some sort of attempt at some sort of artificial law that the simulators have come up with. That’s a depressing thought!” says Beane.

This cosmic ray test may help reveal whether we are just lines of code in an artificial Matrix, where the established rules of physics may be bent, or even broken. But if learning that truth means accepting that you may never know for sure what’s real — including yourself — would you want to know?

There is no turning back, Neo: Do you take the blue pill, or the red pill?

The postulated (hypothetical) sources of EECR are known as Zevatrons, named in analogy to Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory'sBevatron and Fermilab's Tevatron, capable of accelerating particles to 1 ZeV (1021 eV).
Appendix II
Puzzling Measurement of "Big G" Gravitational Constant Ignites Debate [Slide Show]
Despite dozens of measurements over more than 200 years, we still don’t know how strong gravity is

By Clara Moskowitz

BIG "G": Researchers at the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) in Sévres, France used a torsion balance apparatus (pictured) to calculate the gravitational constant, "big G,"—a fundamental constant that has proven difficult to measure. The latest calculation, the result of a 10-year experiment, just adds to the confusion.
Gravity, one of the constants of life, not to mention physics, is less than constant when it comes to being measured. Various experiments over the years have come up with perplexingly different values for the strength of the force of gravity, and the latest calculation just adds to the confusion.

The results of a painstaking 10-year experiment to calculate the value of “big G,” the universal gravitational constant, were published this month—and they’re incompatible with the official value of G, which itself comes from a weighted average of various other measurements that are mostly mutually incompatible and diverge by more than 10 times their estimated uncertainties.

The gravitational constant “is one of these things we should know,” says Terry Quinn at the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) in Sévres, France, who led the team behind the latest calculation. “It’s embarrassing to have a fundamental constant that we cannot measure how strong it is.”

In fact, the discrepancy is such a problem that Quinn is organizing a meeting in February at the Royal Society in London to come up with a game plan for resolving the impasse. The meeting’s title—“The Newtonian constant of gravitation, a constant too difficult to measure?”—reveals the general consternation.

Although gravity seems like one of the most salient of nature’s forces in our daily lives, it’s actually by far the weakest, making attempts to calculate its strength an uphill battle. “Two one-kilogram masses that are one meter apart attract each other with a force equivalent to the weight of a few human cells,” says University of Washington physicist Jens Gundlach, who worked on a separate 2000 measurement of big G. “Measuring such small forces on kg-objects to 10-4 or 10-5 precision is just not easy. There are a many effects that could overwhelm gravitational effects, and all of these have to be properly understood and taken into account
This inherent difficulty has caused big G to become the only fundamental constant of physics for which the uncertainty of the standard value has risen over time as more and more measurements are made. “Though the measurements are very tough, because G is so much weaker than other laboratory forces, we still, as a community, ought to do better,” says University of Colorado at Boulder physicist James Faller, who conducted a 2010 experiment to calculate big G using pendulums.

The first big G measurement was made in 1798 by British physicist Henry Cavendish using an apparatus called a torsion balance. In this setup, a bar with lead balls at either end was suspended from its middle by a wire. When other lead balls were placed alongside this bar, it rotated according to the strength of the gravitational attraction between the balls, allowing Cavendish to measure the gravitational constant.

Quinn and his colleagues’ experiment was essentially a rehash of Cavendish’s setup using more advanced methods, such as replacing the wire with a wide, thin strip of copper beryllium, which allowed their torsion balance to hold more weight. The team also took the further step of adding a second, independent way of measuring the gravitational attraction: In addition to observing how much the bar twisted, the researchers also conducted experiments with electrodes placed inside the torsion balance that prevented it from twisting. The strength of the voltage needed to prevent the rotation was directly related to the pull of gravity. “A strong point of Quinn’s experiment is the fact that they use two different methods to measure G,” says Stephan Schlamminger of the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg, Md., who led a separate attempt in 2006 to calculate big G using a beam balance setup. “It is difficult to see how the two methods can produce two numbers that are wrong, but yet agree with each other.”

Through these dual experiments, Quinn’s team arrived at a value of 6.67545 X 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2. That’s 241 parts per million above the standard value of 6.67384(80) X 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2, which was arrived at by a special task force of the International Council for Science’s Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) (pdf) in 2010 by calculating a weighted average of all the various experimental values. These values differ from one another by as much as 450 ppm of the constant, even though most of them have estimated uncertainties of only about 40 ppm. “Clearly, many of them or most of them are subject either to serious significant errors or grossly underestimated uncertainties,” Quinn says. Making matters even more complex is the fact that the new measurement is strikingly close to a calculation of big G made by Quinn and his colleagues more than 10 years ago, published in 2001, that used similar methods but a completely separate laboratory setup.

Most scientists think all these discrepancies reflect human sources of error, rather than a true inconstancy of big G. We know the strength of gravity hasn’t been fluctuating over the past 200 years, for example, because if so, the orbits of the planets around the sun would have changed, Quinn says. Still, it’s possible that the incompatible measurements are pointing to unknown subtleties of gravity—perhaps its strength varies depending on how it’s measured or where on Earth the measurements are being made?

“Either something is wrong with the experiments, or there is a flaw in our understanding of gravity,” says Mark Kasevich, a Stanford University physicist who conducted an unrelated measurement of big G in 2007 using atom interferometry. “Further work is required to clarify the situation.”

If the true value of big G turns out to be closer to the Quinn team’s measurement than the CODATA value, then calculations that depend on G will have to be revised. For example, the estimated masses of the solar system’s planets, including Earth, would change slightly. Such a revision, however, wouldn’t alter any fundamental laws of physics, and would have very little practical effect on anyone’s life, Quinn says. But getting to the bottom of the issue is more a matter of principle to the scientists. “It’s not a thing one likes to leave unresolved,” he adds. “We should be able to measure gravity.”

Quinn and his team from the BIPM and the University of Birmingham in England published their results Sept. 5 in Physical Review Letters.

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