## Sunday, January 18, 2015

### Workable AntiGravity Drive .

Lightspeed and AntiGravity .

Andre Willers
18 Jan 2015
In honour of James Blish .
Synopsis :
We derive the General AntiGravity equations and indicate some applications .
Discussion :

1.Spindizzy :
Big G http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gravitational_constant  can be manipulated , and has a singularity .

The relevant equation is the Locke derivation of the Dirac-Brackett equation :
G = (2*c/b) ^2 * (L/s)^2
Where
G=Gravitational Interaction between particles
c is lightspeed , b~0.25 , s is magnetic moment , L is Angular Momentum .

See Appendices below especially Appendix F .
S can be written as a function of L
Therefore , if the above Dirac-Brackett equation holds , the Big G can be manipulated by spinning the electron .Which we can do at will using laser tweezers or RF .

The Solution (from Wolfram)
S= -1/3(L-1) +- 3(2)^0.5 (  (L-2) +3(3L-2)/(2L^2+3L+1)  ) ^0.5   *(KK/n^3) , where kk is a constant and n is primary quantum number .

Plugging it into G above :
G= (2c/b )^2   *   L^2/= (-1/3(L-1) +- 3(2)^0.5 (  (L-2) +3(3L-2)/(2L^2+3L+1)  ) ^0.5   *(KK/n^3))^2 , where kk is a constant and n is primary quantum number .
G then looks like the picture below this before deviding by a constant (n^6/kk^2)
Where kk=1/2*Z^4*u(0)   /   (4pi)*g(s)*u(B)*a(0)^3)

U(0) is vacuum permeability =µ0 = 4π×10−7 V·s/(A·m) ≈ 1.2566370614...×10−6 Hm1 or N·A2 or T·m/A or Wb/(A·m)
in the SI system of units.

g(s) is quantum correction constant = 2.002319304… http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gyromagnetic_ratio
u(B) is Bohr magneton 9.740 x 10^-24 J T^-1  (joules per tesla)
Z =nuclear charge .
a(0) is Bohr radius = 5.2917721092(17)×10−11 m
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2.How G changes with Spin .
This is generally applicable . Just multiply with the applicable constant .
This goes a long way to explain Big Bang inflation , as well as later perceived acceleration of expansion .

There exists a spin for any material that leads to a singularity in Gravitational force .
Tractor and Repulsors can be made .
Metamaterial with the exactly right spin will be like Cavorite : an anti-gravity material , what today is called the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accelerating_universe
Notice that G is negative in the above graph for small positive spins .
The singularity on the y axis is better known as charge .
A monopole is then possible (spin increasing to asymptotic axis or decreasing to asymptotic axis) .
Should be easy to make . A chirp RF generator should do the trick .
I would expect anomalies to occur near big phase radar arrays .
And so they do .
ABSTRACT The propagation of ultrashort optical pulses in an AlGaAs waveguide array is studied using frequency-resolved
optical gating measurements. In the nonlinear regime, the measurements show that the pulses at the output of the array evolve toward a set chirp value that is independent of the input chirp. Simulations reproduce the experimental results. The observations can be described as a fixed-point attractor on a chirp-intensity map.
Yeah , right .
This means that any chirp system tends to a behaviour independent of input . So much for Free Will .
The Universe is full of different frequencies . We can order them in chirp fashion by fiat . But still not get what we want .
In any case  , to find cavorite use Google Earth magnetic  and look for the signature as in Appendix F images .
If you are lucky , you might even snag a monopole . In which case you can name your price . The first one ,in any case .
After that , they will find them in steadily increasing frequency .
If you don’t believe me , check the history of exoplanets .

Example :
KK(1) for one charge  = 6.9252 x 10^46

A quantum condensate made up of n molecules orbiting in a closed circuit (ie a virtual central charge of n at the center due to constraint of material .)
Every particle in the ring is in faster than light contact with every other one because a quantum condensate is entangled .
See Appendix C .
The feedback effects in highly connected networks follow power laws of the form y=ax^p
We need only consider p=mMoles/AvogradoNumber .
To put it another way , you need about (6.952*10^46)^(1/(6.022*10^23)) ~ 1.962 moles of material to show an effect .

The highest temperature superconductor we know about is H2S  at 190 K under pressure .
That is 34.08088* 1.962 = 66.8 gm of H2S under pressure at 190 K .
The predicted metallization pressure is 111 GPa, http://www.nature.com/srep/2014/141110/srep06968/full/srep06968.html
This is high . But there are ways around it . Mainly pulse . Explosive pulses at below 190 K can form shaped circular currents that lock in superconducting H2S .
This is not even difficult or expensive .

Ley lines .
More interesting , enstatite in its perovskite-structured polymorph , suitably doped with H2S , can form superconducting channels .
Pressure plus volcanic H2S .
I did not expect this .

Carbon Nanotubes and graphene :
Both can handle 111 GigaPascal pressures .

The poor man’s superconductor :
Carbon nanotubes and irregular graphenes .
Just look around volcanoes .

Prediction of room temperature superconducting material from the earth :
Look around explosive volcanos that are diamond bearing .

In other words , carbon , H2S ,high pressure in the 111 GPa range.
They should be fairly commonplace . A few hours at a place like Cullinan should yield a few grams of room-temperature superconductor .

Why hasn’t it been found before ?
Nobody looked .
Remember buckyballs ? Nobody looked either, If they did , buckyballs and the rest could have been discovered at least 300 years before .

You now should be able to build your own antigravity machine .
But it will be cheaper and easier to go and dig up some pockets of cavorite .
Or make your own , using dug-up cavorite as seeds .
This is possible because of the chirp-chaos attractor as mentioned above .

Ho-Ho-Ho !
Cavorite can breed more cavorite . All you need is the seed .
Happy hunting !
Andre

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Appendix A
http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/0905/0905.4830.pdf
Two dimensional characterization of space-momentum
entangled photon pairs
Martin Ostermeyer, Dietmar Korn, Dirk Puhlmann
University of Potsdam, Institute of Physics and Astronomy, Karl-Liebknecht-Str. 24/25, 14476
Potsdam, Germany

*Corresponding author: oster@uni-potsdam.de
Abstract: Space momentum entangled photon pairs are generated from type II parametric
down conversion in a beta barium borate crystal. The correlations in the positions of
photons in the near field and far field planes with regard to the generating crystal are
observed in both transverse dimensions using scanning fiber probes. The space-momentum
correlation is characterized using a covariance description for a bivariate normal
distribution and tested for non-separability with Mancini’s criterion. The role of higher
order spatial modes to observe spatial entanglement between the two photons is discussed.
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Appendix B

Photons that travel in free space slower than the speed of light
(Submitted on 14 Nov 2014)
That the speed of light in free space is constant is a cornerstone of modern physics. However, light beams have finite transverse size, which leads to a modification of their wavevectors resulting in a change to their phase and group velocities. We study the group velocity of single photons by measuring a change in their arrival time that results from changing the beam's transverse spatial structure. Using time-correlated photon pairs we show a reduction of the group velocity of photons in both a Bessel beam and photons in a focused Gaussian beam. In both cases, the delay is several microns over a propagation distance of the order of 1 m. Our work highlights that, even in free space, the invariance of the speed of light only applies to plane waves. Introducing spatial structure to an optical beam, even for a single photon, reduces the group velocity of the light by a readily measurable amount.
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Appendix C
Bounding the speed of ‘spooky action at a distance’
Juan Yin, Yuan Cao, Hai-Lin Yong, Ji-Gang Ren, Hao Liang, Sheng-Kai Liao, Fei Zhou,
Chang Liu, Yu-Ping Wu, Ge-Sheng Pan, Qiang Zhang, Cheng-Zhi Peng and Jian-Wei Pan1
1Shanghai Branch, National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale,
and Department of Modern Physics,
University of Science and Technology of China, Shanghai 201315, China
Abstract
In the well-known EPR paper, Einstein et al. called the nonlocal correlation in quantum entanglement
as ‘spooky action at a distance’. If the spooky action does exist, what is its speed?
All previous experiments along this direction have locality loopholes and thus can be explained
without having to invoke any ‘spooky action’ at all. Here, we strictly closed the locality loopholes
by observing a 12-hour continuous violation of Bell inequality and concluded that the lower bound
speed of ‘spooky action’ was four orders of magnitude of the speed of light if the Earth’s speed in
any inertial reference frame was less than 10−3
times of the speed of light.
Vsa  bigger than or equal 13800 *c
Where Vsa is speed of Spooky Action
And c is classical plane speed of light in vacuo .

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Appendix D
Newton’s Laws
 First law: When viewed in an inertial reference frame, an object either remains at rest or continues to move at a constant velocity, unless acted upon by an external force. Second law: The vector sum of the forces F on an object is equal to the mass m of that object multiplied by the acceleration vector a of the object: F = ma. Third law: When one body exerts a force on a second body, the second body simultaneously exerts a force equal in magnitude and opposite in direction on the first body.

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Appendix E
Viewing a magnetic dipole as a rotating charged particle brings out the close connection between magnetic moment and angular momentum. Both the magnetic moment and the angular momentum increase with the rate of rotation. The ratio of the two is called the gyromagnetic ratio and is simply the half of the charge-to-mass ratio.[4] [5]
For a spinning charged solid with a uniform charge density to mass density ratio, the gyromagnetic ratio is equal to half the charge-to-mass ratio. This implies that a more massive assembly of charges spinning with the same angular momentum will have a proportionately weaker magnetic moment, compared to its lighter counterpart. Even though atomic particles cannot be accurately described as spinning charge distributions of uniform charge-to-mass ratio, this general trend can be observed in the atomic world, where the intrinsic angular momentum (spin) of each type of particle is a constant: a small half-integer times the reduced Planck constant ħ. This is the basis for defining the magnetic moment units of Bohr magneton (assuming charge-to-mass ratio of the electron) and nuclear magneton (assuming charge-to-mass ratio of the proton).

Mass-to-charge ratio
(Redirected from Charge-to-mass ratio)

Beam of electrons moving in a circle in a Teltron tube, due to the presence of a magnetic field. Purple light is emitted along the electron path, due to the electrons colliding with gas molecules in the bulb. The mass-to-charge ratio of the electron can be measured in this apparatus by comparing the radius of the purple circle, the strength of the magnetic field, and the voltage on the electron gun. The mass and chargecannot be separately measured this way—only their ratio.
The mass-to-charge ratio (m/Q) is a physical quantity that is most widely used in the electrodynamics of charged particles, e.g. in electron optics and ion optics. It appears in the scientific fields of electron microscopycathode ray tubesaccelerator physicsnuclear physicsAuger spectroscopycosmology and mass spectrometry.[1] The importance of the mass-to-charge ratio, according to classical electrodynamics, is that two particles with the same mass-to-charge ratio move in the same path in a vacuum when subjected to the same electric and magnetic fields. Its SI units are kg/C.
Some fields use the charge-to-mass ratio (Q/m) instead, which is the multiplicative inverse of the mass-to-charge ratio. The 2010 CODATA recommended value for an electron is eme = (1.758820088±39)×1011 C/kg.[2]
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Appendix F
Really interesting .
Spin–orbit interaction
In quantum physics, the spin–orbit interaction (also called spin–orbit effect or spin–orbit coupling) is an interaction of a particle's spin with its motion. The first and best known example of this is that spin–orbit interaction causes shifts in an electron's atomic energy levels due to electromagnetic interaction between the electron's spin and the magnetic field generated by the electron's orbit around the nucleus. This is detectable as a splitting of spectral lines. A similar effect, due to the relationship between angular momentum and thestrong nuclear force, occurs for protons and neutrons moving inside the nucleus, leading to a shift in their energy levels in the nucleusshell model. In the field of spintronics, spin–orbit effects for electrons in semiconductors and other materials are explored for technological applications. The spin–orbit interaction is one cause of magnetocrystalline anisotropy.
Total interaction energy
The total spin–orbit potential in an external electrostatic potential takes the form
The net effect of Thomas precession is the reduction of the Larmor interaction energy by factor 1/2 which came to be known as the Thomas half.
Final energy shift
We can now say
where

Where n (the "principal quantum number") j (the "total angular momentum quantum number"), L (the "orbital angular momentum quantum number"), s (the "spin quantum number"),

As a wild approximation (since I have no reputation)
Set j = (L+s)/2 . Reminiscent of Heron’s area of the triangle .
We are essentially determining the “height” into an unknown dimension using Heron’s formula . See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heron%27s_formula

This gives an extraordinary result .
A mathematical island . The equivalent of a particle
FunctionW  = ((L+s)/2((L+s)/2+1) – L(L+1) – s(s+1))  / (L(L+1/2)(L+1))
Using Wolfram , this functionW looks like this :

Notice the island formed by L the mass spin and s the charge/magnetic effects of spin .
See below for the contour plot . Notice the asymmetry .
So much for String Theory .
This Universe is inherently asymmetrical . Built in at the pi level .
There is charge and energy level separation at every scale .

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Appendix G
See pressures :
 24 to 110 GPa Stability range of enstatite in its perovskite-structured polymorph, possibly the most common mineral inside the Earth 40 GPa Quantum mechanical electron degeneracy pressure in a block of copper[72] 48 GPa Detonation pressure of pure CL-20,[73] The most powerful high explosive in mass production. 69 GPa 10,000,000 psi Highest water jet pressure made in research lab[74] 96 GPa Pressure at which metallic oxygen forms (960,000 bar)[71] 1011 Pa 100 GPa Theoretical tensile strength of a carbon nanotube (CNT) 130 GPa Ultimate tensile strength of monolayer graphene[75] > 300 GPa Pressure attainable with a diamond anvil cell[76] 360 GPa Pressure inside the core of the Earth (3.64 million bar) 1012 Pa 5 TPa Pressure generated by the National Ignition Facility fusion reactor. 1013 Pa 1014 Pa 540 TPa Pressure inside an Ivy Mike-like nuclear bomb detonation (5.3 billion bar) 1015 Pa 6.5 PPa Pressure inside a W80 nuclear warhead detonation (64 billion bar) 1016 Pa 25 PPa Pressure inside the core of the Sun (250 billion bar)[82] 57 PPa Pressure inside a uranium nucleus (8 MeV in a sphere of radius 175 pm)[83] 1029 Pa 2.3×1029 Pa Pressure inside the core of a white dwarf at the Chandrasekhar limit[84] 1034 Pa 0.3 to16×1034 Pa Pressure range inside a neutron star[85] 10113 Pa 4.6×10113 Pa 6.7×10109 psi The Planck pressure (4.63×10108 bar), not reached except shortly after the Big Bang or in a black hole