Saturday, February 21, 2015

Stable Transuranic Elements.

Stable Transuranic Elements

Andre Willers
21 Feb 2015
Synopsis :
Stable Transuranic elements start with Element 194 . Mineable concentrations on Luna and Mars .
Discussion :
1.The usual Physics kludge of assumptions and approximations is used .

“In nuclear physics, the semi-empirical mass formula (SEMF) (sometimes also called Weizsäcker's formula, or the Bethe-Weizsäcker formula, or the Bethe-Weizsäcker mass formula to distinguish it from the Bethe–Weizsäcker process) is used to approximate the mass and various other properties of an atomic nucleus from its number of protons and neutrons. As the name suggests, it is based partly on theory and partly on empirical measurements. The theory is based on the liquid drop model proposed by George Gamow, which can account for most of the terms in the formula and gives rough estimates for the values of the coefficients. It was first formulated in 1935 by German physicist Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, and although refinements have been made to the coefficients over the years, the structure of the formula remains the same today.[1][2]

The SEMF gives a good approximation for atomic masses and several other effects, but does not explain the appearance of magic numbers of protons and neutrons, and the extra binding-energy and measure of stability that are associated with these numbers of nucleons.”

2.We derive as a first approximation
Where Z =number of protons , N= number of neutrons , k~0.01539

3.Do a spreadsheet .
Z ,N , diff(1), diff(2) , …, diff(6)
4.Pockets of stability would be where diff(n) switches sign between rows .
This happens at diff(6) for this simplified formula .

5.The first pocket of stability is found at
  Z            N
194       340
195       342

Thereafter more regularly :
   Z           N
202       360
203       362
203       364
204      366
205      369

6.These are hyperexplosives .
Thus unlikely to be found in small , rocky planets .
Fratricidal effects . They have a small basin of stability .

These would create these elements , but spread them in clouds .
Sooner or later these would condensate , and gamma-ray bursters would occur as fratricide occurs .

8.Or large nuclear explosions from inside small , rocky planets .

9.Mars :
Mons Olympus et al .
This would indicate that the asteroid belt has an inordinately high percentage of transuranics .
But the screes of the Olympus series of volcanoes on Mars should have useful concentrations of transuranics .

10.Or make them at home .
Very expensive . Cheaper to mine them on Luna

11. The Moon .
Re-examine that old moon rock of yours for transuranics . Nobody looked before .
Note the high density , which is Fe at the bottom of the nucleonic packing curve masking higher elements .

12. Earth ?
Magma plumes . At the bottom lies a high density transuranic body slowly decaying .
Look at Hawaii , Reunion island ,   
12.1 Siberian traps .
Consider that humans got it 180 degrees reversed as usual .
The explosion came from inside the planet , from the same source of transuranics that created the Siberian traps .
The bolide was then ejecta .
In any case , the energy release (~30 Mt) was too high for an atmospheric bolide .
So , there should be a smoking gun . And there is :

  The exit crater , heavy with transuranics and poisonous to terrestrial life .
Do not go near without full hazmat gear and radionics gear into the gamma range .

Transuranically yours



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