9 Feb 2015
This is not medical advice .
Skin Patches to train the immune system .
1.A microsize tangle of stalks shelters a MicroLab to fast-test various biohazard solutions .
See Appendix C for present applications .
See http://andreswhy.blogspot.com/2014/09/prodigies-update-i.html for nano applications .
A MicroLab enables a quick-and-dirty application approach using kitchen equipment without too big a hazard .
See Appendix A , B for how it works .
2.You want low quality teadust or stinging nettle tea bag for the small micronsize
3.Infuze it with the payload
4. Heat it to 1/3(37-20) +20 ~ 25 celsius . You need an optimization of chemical activity and transport across the skin .This is temperature dependant (general theory of optimals) .
5.The Formic acid renders the the skin permeable , and the temperature difference drives the process from the body into the patch .Here the various systems interact as described in Appendix A,B,C .
6.Leave for at least 10 minutes (for long-term potentionation of dendritic immune cells to occur) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long-term_potentiation
7.The Trick !
Now slap on a heated pad just below Pasteurization temperature but over body temp to drive the reaction products back into the body past the skin barrier . Another ten minutes .
A bit less than 63 Celsius (145F) . This is about the tolerable temperature for hot drinks .So now you know .
This is quite finicky : http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/pasteurization-methods-temperatures-d_1642.html
63ºC (145ºF) 30 minutes
72ºC (161ºF) 15 seconds
8. Buccal Transforms .
The inside skin of the gastro-intestinal tract is hard to reach by this method .
But there are evolved shortcuts , clustered around the descending duodenal in humans .
The general method is to soak the stinging nettle teabag in the payload , suck it for ten minutes , spitting out any liquid . It is important that nothing be swallowed .
Then rinse , swill and spit with 63C liquid for 10 minutes .
That’s it . Reprogramming is idiosyncratic . That’s fancy speak for that no one knows . Try it .
9.Diabetes II and RLS (related)
The payload is simple sugar .
See a simpler form in http://andreswhy.blogspot.com/2015/01/rls-stopper.html
The method should work for Diabetes II , because Gastric bypasses work .
10. Fasting past the 12 hour mark .
This works from personal experience .
Why ? More than the dopamine reward response is involved, but I don’t have the facilities to find out . Frustrating !
11.Eating disorders .
One can intuit that this involves temperatures , micro sizes of foodstuffs and the orders of ingestion messing up the reward systems .
The microwave has to bear some scrutiny .
Always drinking sugary liquids with suspended micron-structures at 63C is going to screw up your reward systems .
Especially if milk is involved.
An HyperImage-Mama as perceived by the body .
That extra-latte heated and reheated is setting you up for anorexia , bulimia , binges , and later diabetes .
The prevention is absurdly simple :
As soon as it is cool enough to sip (ie about 63C) , spit in it . That’s it . As it cools down further , the processes described above take place . Over time it adds up .
Who would have thought ?
Appendix A .An indication of size :
8 - 300
5 - 400
15 - 1000
25 - 40
3 - 100
6 - 10
5 - 90
Milled Flour, Milled Corn
1 - 100
0.1 - 0.8
0.035 - 0.5
1 - 50
Formic acid opens the Blood Brain Barrier(BBB) . This enables the immune system to interact with brain cells . Only to be used in very controlled circumstances .
1.The Blood Brain Barrier evolved from skin .
2.Formic acid bypasses skin .
Commercially available desensitization technologies are now available for Milk , Peanut and DustMite allergies .
3-D vaccine spontaneously assembles to pack a powerful punch against cancer, infectious diseases
February 9, 2015
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering
Researchers have developed a novel 3-D vaccine that could provide a more effective way to harness the immune system to fight cancer as well as infectious diseases. The vaccine spontaneously assembles into a scaffold once injected under the skin and is capable of recruiting, housing, and manipulating immune cells to generate a powerful immune response. The vaccine was recently found to be effective in delaying tumor growth in mice.
3-D vaccine consists of many microsized, porous silica rods that spontaneously assemble into a haystack formation after being injected under the skin. Image taken with polychromatic scanning electron microscope.
Credit: James C. Weaver, Wyss Institute
NIBIB-funded researchers have developed a novel 3D vaccine that could provide a more effective way to harness the immune system to fight cancer as well as infectious diseases. The vaccine spontaneously assembles into a scaffold once injected under the skin and is capable of recruiting, housing, and manipulating immune cells to generate a powerful immune response. The vaccine was recently found to be effective in delaying tumor growth in mice.
· T cell
"This vaccine is a wonderful example of applying biomaterials to new questions and issues in medicine," says David Mooney, Ph.D., a professor of bioengineering at Harvard University in the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, whose lab developed the vaccine. The project was co-led by Jaeyun Kim, Ph.D. and Aileen Li, a doctoral student in the Mooney lab. Their findings were published in the December 8, 2014 issue of Nature Biotechnology.
Cancer cells are generally ignored by the immune system. This is because -- for the most part -- they more closely resemble cells that belong in the body than pathogens, such as bacterial cells or viruses. The goal of cancer vaccines is to provoke the immune system to recognize cancer cells as foreign and attack them.
One way to do this is by manipulating dendritic cells, the coordinators of immune system behavior. Dendritic cells constantly patrol the body, sampling bits of protein found on the surface of cells or viruses called antigens. When a dendritic cell comes in contact with an antigen that it deems foreign, it carries it to the lymph nodes, where it instructs the rest of the immune system to attack anything in the body displaying that antigen.
Though similar to healthy cells, cancer cells often display unique antigens on their surface, which can be exploited to develop cancer immunotherapies. For example, in dendritic cell therapy, white blood cells are removed from a patient's blood, stimulated in the lab to turn into dendritic cells, and then incubated with an antigen that is specific to a patient's tumor, along with other compounds to activate and mature the dendritic cells. These "programmed" cells are then injected back into the bloodstream with the hopes that they will travel to the lymph nodes and present the tumor antigen to the rest of the immune system cells.
Biomaterials boost immunity
While this approach has had some clinical success, in most cases, the immune response resulting from dendritic cell vaccines is short-lived and not robust enough to keep tumors at bay over the long run. In addition, cell therapies such as this, which require removing cells from patients and manipulating them in the lab, are costly and not easily regulated. To overcome these limitations, Mooney's lab has been experimenting with a newer approach that involves reprogramming immune cells from inside the body using implantable biomaterials.
The idea is to introduce a biodegradable scaffold under the skin that temporarily creates an "infection-mimicking microenvironment," capable of attracting, housing, and reprogramming millions of dendritic cells over a period of several weeks. In a 2009 paper published in Nature Materials, Mooney demonstrated that this could be achieved by loading a porous scaffold -- about the size of a dime -- with tumor antigen as well as a combination of biological and chemical components meant to attract and activate dendritic cells. Once implanted, the scaffold's contents slowly diffused outward, recruiting a steady stream of dendritic cells, which temporarily sought residence inside the scaffold while being simultaneously exposed to tumor antigen and activating factors.
When the scaffold was implanted in mice, it achieved a 90% survival rate in animals that otherwise die from cancer within 25 days.
An injectable scaffold
Now, Mooney and his team have taken this approach a step further, creating an injectable scaffold that can spontaneously assemble once inside the body. This second generation vaccine would prevent patients from having to undergo surgery to implant the scaffold and would also make it easier for clinicians to administer it.
The new 3D vaccine is made up of many microsized, porous silica rods dispersed in liquid. When injected under the skin, the liquid quickly diffuses, leaving the rods behind to form a randomly assembled three-dimensional structure resembling a haystack. The spaces in between the rods are large enough to house dendritic cells and other immune cells, and the rods have nano-sized pores that can be loaded with a combination of antigens and drugs.
When injected into mice that were then given a subsequent injection of lymphoma cells, the 3D vaccine generated a potent immune response and delayed tumor growth. Compared to a bolus injection containing the same drugs and antigens (but no scaffold), the 3D vaccine was more effective at preventing tumor growth, with 90% of mice receiving the 3D vaccine still alive at 30 days compared with only 60% of mice given the bolus injection.
While the 3D injectable scaffold is being tested in mice as a potential cancer vaccine, any combination of different antigens and drugs could be loaded into the scaffold, meaning it could also be used to treat infectious diseases that may be resistant to conventional treatments.
"The ability to so elegantly harness the natural behavior of dendritic cells to elicit a strong immune response is impressive," says Jessica Tucker, Program Director of Drug and Gene Delivery Systems and Devices at NIBIB. "The possibility of developing this approach as a cancer vaccine, which would not require an invasive and costly surgery to manipulate immune cells outside of the body, is very exciting."
Mooney says that in addition to continuing to develop the cancer vaccine, he also plans to explore how the injectable scaffold can be used to both treat and prevent infectious diseases. More broadly, Mooney predicts that spontaneously assembling particles will be adopted by many fields in the future.
"I think this is going to be the first of a number of examples where we utilize ideas of self-organization in the body instead of having to create structures outside of the body and place them in," says Mooney. "I think that will be broadly applicable, not only in instances like this, but also, for example, in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine where scaffolds are used to facilitate the regrowth of tissues in the body. The ability to assemble a scaffold in the body instead of having to surgically implant it would be a significant advance."
The above story is based on materials provided by National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.
1. Jaeyun Kim, Weiwei Aileen Li, Youngjin Choi, Sarah A Lewin, Catia S Verbeke, Glenn Dranoff, David J Mooney. Injectable, spontaneously assembling, inorganic scaffolds modulate immune cells in vivo and increase vaccine efficacy. Nature Biotechnology, 2014; 33 (1): 64 DOI: 10.1038/nbt.3071